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Challenging LGBT+ bullying and hate crime, supporting young people

All schools should provide an environment where lesbian, bisexual, gay, trans and questioning staff, parents, children and young people are free to be themselves and to experience acceptance from adults and other young people.

Schools have a clear duty under the Equality Act 2010 to ensure that teaching is accessible to all children and young people, including those who are lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT). Inclusive Relationships & Sex Education will foster good relations between pupils, tackle all types of prejudice – including homophobia – and promote understanding and respect, enabling schools to meet the requirements, and live the intended spirit, of the Equality Act 2010.

‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’  identifies bullying; including cyber-bullying and prejudice-based bullying; and homophobic or transphobic abuse as important safeguarding issues to be addressed by schools. These can be considered as peer on peer abuse.The Stonewall primary best practice guide shares best practice from schools from around the country who are leading the way on challenging homophobic bullying and prejudice. It provides school leaders and teachers with tangible examples, from the ground, about how to start this work, some ideas and inspiration for along the way as well as providing tips for addressing some of the challenges they may face in the process.

In partnership with Cornwall Council, the Intercom Trust have produced Schools Transgender Guidance. This guidance informs schools and colleges so that they can support, inform, protect and enable pupils and students questioning their gender identity to achieve their full potential whilst in education. It aims to be nondiscriminatory in every aspect as issues with gender identity are seen across all other protected characteristics and everyone is entitled to have support.


The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) has launched an LGBT+ bullying and hate crime resource for teachers of key stages 3 and 4. The resource, available for teachers and schools to download, aims to help students understand the impact of homophobia and transphobia and be aware of how to report hate crime and identity-based bullying.

The Government Equalities Office (GEO) anti-homophobic, biphobic and transphobic (HBT) bullying project has led to the development of a range of resources produced by six project partners – Stonewall; Barnardo’s; The LGBT Consortium; Learn Equality, Live Equal; The Rainbow Flag Award; and the Metro Charity. These resources have been reviewed and quality assured by the PSHE Association.

The purpose of the resources is to reduce the incidence of HBT bullying in primary and secondary schools by transforming the culture of how schools prevent and respond to the issue. they can be accessed here.

Barnardos through its LGBTQ Hub, offers guidance to young people, parents andteachers on how to support LGBT students and tackle LGBT prejudice-based bullying

The Inspiring Equality in Education resource is funded by the Department for Education and Government Equalities Office to help address the finding that schools often lack confidence and feel under-resourced to deal effectively with homophobic, biphobic or transphobic bullying. EACH (Educational Action Challenging Homophobia) have produced the resource to provide staff in primary and secondary schools with the knowledge and tools to create a safer learning environment for LGBT+ young people and their families. It includes both lesson plans and guidance.

Breaking the Mould (NUT) provides resources for nursery and primary classrooms which challenge ‘traditional’ stereotypes.

The Classroom website aims to be an accessible space for teachers to locate a range of resources to make Lesbian Gay Bisexual Trans people visible in education. Lessons plans, resources and assemblies for use all key stages can be downloaded free of charge.

Educate & Celebrate is an Ofsted recognised Best Practice Programme that gives staff, students, parents and governors the confidence and strategies to implement an LGBT+Inclusive curriculum to successfully eradicate homophobia, biphobia and transphobia from our schools and communities. The website contains resources for all phases of education, providing booklists, lesson plans and other useful information.

Amnesty International (link opens in new tab or page) have developed a resource pack which contains teaching activities for children and young people from key stage 1 onwards relating to the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people.

Challenging homophobia in primary schools provides lesson plans that could be used across a primary school designed to develop emotional literacy, celebrate difference and diversity and challenge homophobia. Activities are planned around stories, many of which will be familiar to children and teachers.

The Crown Prosecution Service, National Union of Teachers and many community groups have worked together to produce a range of resources which will support schools with tackling hate crime, including homo, bi and trans phobia (link opens in new tab or page). The resources are designed to increase pupils’ understanding of hate crime and prejudice and enable them to explore ways of challenging it.

Teaching Tolerance is an American organisation providing teaching resources and other materials for educators “to inform their practices, and to create civil and inclusive school communities where children are respected, valued and welcome participants.”

Brook provide advice around the difference between ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ written for young people under the age of 25.

Mermaids  is a support and advocacy group for gender variant children and teenagers, and their families. Their goal is to relieve the mental and emotional stress of all persons aged 19 years and under who are in any manner affected by gender identity issues, and their families and to advance public education in the same.

Gendered Intelligence provide and signpost to a range of resources and organisations that support trans young people. They also aim to engage the wider community in understanding the diversity and complexity of gender.

GIRES – the Gender Identity and Research Education Society have developed an on-line training module Caring for gender variant young people suitable for people working in education. The course is free, is easily accessible online and takes around 45 minutes to complete. It includes an optional test and provides a certificate of completion that enables users to earn CPD points.

A collection of resources for schools aimed at supporting trans, non binary and gender variant young people is provided by Gender Construction Kit.